Consumers in the new industry have come to understand the value of the new offering, and demand grows rapidly. A handful of important players usually become apparent, and they compete to establish a share of the new market. Profits usually are not a priority, as companies spend on research and development or marketing. Business processes are improved, and geographical expansion is common. Once the new product has demonstrated viability, larger companies in adjacent industries tend to enter the market through acquisitions or internal development.
If the IRS files a substitute return, it is still in your best interest to file your own tax return to take advantage of any exemptions, credits, and deductions you are entitled to receive. The IRS will generally adjust your account to reflect the correct figures. If you filed a past due return and have received a notice, you should send us a copy of the past due return to the indicated address. It takes approximately 6 weeks for us to process an accurately completed past due tax return.
The technical and managerial incompetence of the VCs and those they hired drove the company into the ground. All but 10 of the 240 employees were fired, laid off, or quit. All of the $40+ million in venture capital was squandered. The monthly operating profit turned to loss as more talentless executives were hired who threw out the company’s old, useful products and put their blind faith in engineers who spent millions building complicated software that solved no business problems.
You can usually deduct the cost of furnishing meals and lodging to your employees. Deduct the cost in whatever category the expense falls. For example, if you operate a restaurant, deduct the cost of the meals you furnish to employees as part of the cost of goods sold. If you operate a nursing home, motel, or rental property, deduct the cost of furnishing lodging to an employee as expenses for utilities, linen service, salaries, depreciation, etc.
Cash payments to an organization, charitable or otherwise, may be deductible as business expenses if the payments aren’t charitable contributions or gifts and are directly related to your business. If the payments are charitable contributions or gifts, you can’t deduct them as business expenses. However, corporations (other than S corporations) can deduct charitable contributions on their income tax returns, subject to limitations. See the Instructions for Form 1120 for more information. Sole proprietors, partners in a partnership, or shareholders in an S corporation may be able to deduct charitable contributions made by their business on Schedule A (Form 1040).

"Uh-oh" moment: Around the time of the '08 presidential election, Kramer put PopRule on hold. "The idea wasn't getting enough support. There was too much diffusion and fragmentation in the market," he says. Kramer's outside investments were taking a hit, too. He did the math and realized it would take far more money than they had to get the user numbers they needed to succeed. "Entrepreneurs need to get really comfortable with discomfort, but with PopRule, I didn't want to throw good money after bad. Everywhere I looked, it was clear I needed to end this as elegantly and quietly as possible," he says.
Related to the above, working with startups means you're always on the front lines of new trends in technology-- sometimes way out in front of them.  I worked with Kickstarter back before there was an "e" in the name, and before anyone had coined the term "crowdfunding." I spent a lot of time with Autonet, a pioneer in connecting the car to the Internet, and with Appbackr, a pioneer in mobile app distribution.  The point is-- staying on the cusp of new tech trends takes a lot of energy, but it's fun to see new industries sprout and blossom, and to know you had a (small) role in making it happen. 
If, during the year, you dispose of an item of section 1245 property that was used in connection with mineral property, reduce any allowable deduction for mining expenses by the part of any gain you must report as ordinary income that is allocable to the mineral property. See section 1.613-5(b)(1) of the regulations for information on how to figure the ordinary gain allocable to the property.
You may deduct up to $5,000 in start-up costs in your first year in business. This deduction is restricted if you have over $50,000 in start-up costs. If you have additional start-up costs over the $5,000, you can amortize these costs over 15 years. If you are not going to be profitable in your first year, you may want to consider another option to minimize your taxes in years where you make more profit.
Method 1—Include the deducted costs in gross income for the tax year the mine reaches the producing stage. Your election must be clearly indicated on the return. Increase your adjusted basis in the mine by the amount included in income. Generally, you must elect this recapture method by the due date (including extensions) of your return. However, if you timely filed your return for the year without making the election, you can still make the election by filing an amended return within 6 months of the due date of the return (excluding extensions). Make the election on your amended return and write "Filed pursuant to section 301.9100-2" on the form where you are including the income. File the amended return at the same address you filed the original return.
Giovanni gets a loan of $1,000 on August 4 and receives the proceeds in cash. Giovanni deposits $1,500 in an account on August 18 and on August 28 writes a check on the account for a passive activity expense. Also, Giovanni deposits his paycheck, deposits other loan proceeds, and pays his bills during the same period. Regardless of these other transactions, Giovanni can treat $1,000 of the deposit he made on August 18 as being paid on August 4 from the loan proceeds. In addition, Giovanni can treat the passive activity expense he paid on August 28 as made from the $1,000 loan proceeds treated as deposited in the account.
Kelly Fitzsimmons is a well-known entrepreneur who has founded, led and sold several technology startups. Recently, she co-founded Custom Reality Services, a virtual reality production company whose first project, Across the Line, premiered at the New Frontier program of the 2016 Sundance Film Festival. She is also the co-founder of the Hypervoice Consortium, which researches the future of voice communications. Previously, she was the co- founder and CEO of HarQen. Prior to launching HarQen, she founded Sun Tzu Security (1996), an information security firm, which merged with Neohapsis (2003), where she led the combined company as CEO through 2006. Cisco acquired Neohapsis to enhance its information security offerings in 2014. In 2011, the Angel Capital Association awarded her the Silvertip PwC Entrepreneurship Award. In 2013, Speech Technology magazine honored her with the Luminary Award. She serves on the board of the Executive Women’s Forum, the largest member organization serving female executives in the Information Security, Risk Management and Privacy industries. She completed her undergraduate studies at the University of Rochester and holds a master’s degree from Harvard University.

Bottom line for Non corporate Taxpayers:  The key is to target a specific business and take preliminary steps to enter into the transaction of buying or starting up that business.  Documents that help prove this specific focus would be any agreements, advice from professionals about the specific business, and review and/or preparation of any financial statements.
Start-up costs are amounts paid or incurred for (a) creating an active trade or business, or (b) investigating the creation or acquisition of an active trade or business. Start-up costs include amounts paid or incurred in connection with an existing activity engaged in for profit, and for the production of income in anticipation of the activity becoming an active trade or business.
If revenue has declined for three consecutive quarters, you probably entered the declining phase two or so years ago. Take action and start looking for ways to innovate. If owners are focused on what they can take out of the business before they retire and aren’t willing to invest in new technology, people or marketing, it’s a sign that they're in decline.

For oil and gas wells, your election is binding for the year it is made and for all later years. For geothermal wells, your election can be revoked by the filing of an amended return on which you do not take the deduction. You can file the amended return for the year up to the normal time of expiration for filing a claim for credit or refund, generally, within 3 years after the date you filed the original return or within 2 years after the date you paid the tax, whichever is later.
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In short, due to a lack of funding, we are now beginning the process of winding down BriefMe and will be turning off the servers next week … Our users are extremely passionate, but after pursuing every possible path, we no longer have a sustainable avenue forward for the company. Over recent months we’ve been developing a significant update however we haven’t been able to secure another round of funding to finish and get this work to market. Without sufficient capital to provide BriefMe the energy and attention it deserves we have decided to move forward in the best possible manner for our team, supporters and users.
#3: Take a brief time-out if you can. A failed business is sort of like a failed relationship. You need time to heal. If you can't afford a brief time-out, try to find some consulting work until you've had a chance to gain more perspective. The worst thing you can do is make another long term career decision in the mental space you're in after failing at something. Do something to help rebuild your confidence first.
The second path (going away) didn’t fit, either. I hadn’t been at it long enough. Dane Atkinson, currently the founder/CEO of SumAll, had been at it long enough when his company SenseNet, Inc. got wiped out. He was 27 and had spent eight years building a team that totaled in the hundreds. He was “burnt toast” when it ended, and immediately started liquidating everything: he sold his bar, his apartment, and his stake in his other companies. He traveled and went scuba diving and learned to fly planes–anything to get away. He says this let him begin a process of mental reform that finally allowed him to accept that his next thing would have to be built slowly again, “inch-by-inch.” He’s gone on to build Squarespace, where he was CEO, and now SumAll, which is 25 people strong.

Usually angels are financially equivalent to founders. They get the same kind of stock and get diluted the same amount in future rounds. How much stock should they get? That depends on how ambitious you feel. When you offer x percent of your company for y dollars, you're implicitly claiming a certain value for the whole company. Venture investments are usually described in terms of that number. If you give an investor new shares equal to 5% of those already outstanding in return for $100,000, then you've done the deal at a pre-money valuation of $2 million.
During this time you'll do little but work, because when you're not working, your competitors will be. My only leisure activities were running, which I needed to do to keep working anyway, and about fifteen minutes of reading a night. I had a girlfriend for a total of two months during that three year period. Every couple weeks I would take a few hours off to visit a used bookshop or go to a friend's house for dinner. I went to visit my family twice. Otherwise I just worked.
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Once I accepted outside capital, I felt compelled to give my startup everything I had, including my health. In 2008, I was able to raise capital in the midst of the great recession. Given how hard it was to raise that capital, I felt I owed our investors everything and exhausted myself completely. Within 36 months, I was hospitalized for two weeks and eventually had to step down as CEO. This experience became one of my greatest teachers. Lesson learned: You are your health. I have become a big believer in spending the time and money on the full annual physical. If you have nagging symptoms that you keep ignoring, no more excuses. It's time to get yourself checked out. Stat!
“I don’t know why I didn’t do it 30 years ago,” she said in a recent interview. “I think what I discovered right away was I loved being completely responsible and I loved the idea that I could spend my time working on things that were only going to better the business,” she said in a recent interview. “I love being an entrepreneur because you get to focus on things that are important.”

For costs paid or incurred after October 22, 2004, and before September 9, 2008, you can elect to deduct a limited amount of business start-up and organizational costs in the year your active trade or business begins. Any costs not deducted can be amortized ratably over a 180-month period, beginning with the month you begin business. If the election is made, you must attach any statement required by Regulations sections 1.195-1(b), 1.248-1(c), and 1.709-1(c), as in effect before September 9, 2008.
Drawing the analogy with that of human life, or any living being for that matter, there are distinct phases that lead to that moment of glory, that epitome of success. Through this journey of growth, an entrepreneur will get to experience everything from the birth, that is an idea of the startup, to the startup itself, and if is it successful, through to its maturity as well. Each new phase brings about new challenges that the entrepreneur must learn to handle with care. After all, the parenting technique one adopts for a toddler is in no way similar in the case of a teenager. With that said, here are the five phases of startup development.
The duration of the growth stage, as all the other stages, depends on the particular industry or product line under study. Some items—like fad clothing, for example—may experience a very short growth stage and move almost immediately into the next stages of maturity and decline. A hot toy this holiday season may be nonexistent or relegated to the back shelves of a deep-discounter the following year. Because many new product introductions fail, the growth stage may be short or nonexistent for some products. However, for other products the growth stage may be longer due to frequent product upgrades and enhancements that forestall movement into maturity. The computer industry today is an example of an industry with a long growth stage due to upgrades in hardware, services, and add-on products and features.
Until I became an entrepreneur I believed I understood the definition of urgency. Consulting required me to work extremely long hours and to hustle in order to win large deals. You could argue I had urgency, but in reality my firm would continue to operate even if I lost a big follow-on project. I had a safety net. If a startup doesn't win the next deal, or if it underperforms, insolvency is always imminent.
The new tangible property regulations (often called the repair regulations (T.D. 9636)) might require some repair costs to be capitalized as costs of depreciable property. Those costs might have been deducted immediately in the past as startup costs. To be a startup cost, the cost must be deductible if the business was an active business (Sec. 195(c)(1)(B)). Some repair costs that were previously deductible may now have to be capitalized under the new repair regulations. In that case, if the business incurs such a capitalized repair cost before beginning the active business, the cost cannot be a startup cost. The business may be able to recover the cost more or less quickly as a capitalized repair cost than as a startup cost depending on the depreciable life of the asset for which the business capitalizes the cost.
Failures are stepping-stones to success and behind every failure, there are lessons learnt, experiences had, that provide one with wisdom that stays with them for a lifetime. A successful journey is often marked by failures along the way and one only reaches the destination when he/she continues to carry on with the journey. This is the necessary ingredient to get over a failure be it a startup or anything major in life, never give up.  For Rahul Agarwal, Director of Wealth Discover, startups in most cases are ideas that are very sound on the paper but the actual implementation is tricky. Often founders jump onto an idea without proper planning and budgeting.
There is one reason you might want to include business people in a startup, though: because you have to have at least one person willing and able to focus on what customers want. Some believe only business people can do this-- that hackers can implement software, but not design it. That's nonsense. There's nothing about knowing how to program that prevents hackers from understanding users, or about not knowing how to program that magically enables business people to understand them.
In the case of a consolidated group filing a consolidated income tax return, the election is made for each member of the consolidated group. In the case of an S corporation or a partnership, the election is made by the S corporation or the partnership and not by the shareholders or partners. The election applies only for the tax year for which it is made.
There are three types of start-up expenses that you can amortize: (1) expenses incurred in investigating the creation or acquisition of a business; (2) expenses incurred in connection with creating a business; and (3) expenses incurred in connection with an activity engaged in for profit and for the production of income before business begins, in anticipation of the activity becoming an active business. These expenses can be deducted only once business operations have commenced. Note, however, that interest expenses, taxes, and research and experimental expenditures are excluded from start-up expenses, because they are currently deductible under special rules and, thus, are not required to be amortized.
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Make sure the preparer is available. You need to ensure that you can contact the tax preparer after you file your return. That’s true even after the April 15, 2018, due date for individual returns. The due date for partnerships and S corporations using a calendar year is March 15, 2018. You may need to contact the preparer if questions come up about your tax return at a later time.


When Apollo 12 launched on November 14, 1969, Aaron was on shift. Thirty-six seconds after liftoff, the spacecraft was struck by lightning, causing a power surge. Instruments began to malfunction and telemetry data became garbled. The flight director, Gerry Griffin, expected that he would have to abort the mission. However, Aaron realized that he had previously seen this odd pattern of telemetry.
The bet was risky because it required large geographies — indeed, entire nations — to adopt the technology in order for it to scale successfully. The company chose small countries like Israel and Denmark to test its model, but the company’s upfront costs kept mounting, and it kept delaying debuts. Also, a number of competing electric car efforts, including the venture by new company Tesla but also by the Big 3 and other manufacturers, kept the industry from adopting any one standard.
You will need an e-commerce solution on your website so you can continue to take pre-orders from non backers. This keeps cash flowing into the businesses, enabling you to build more units. It also gives people an action to take when they do hear about your brand because coming to your website to read “we are sold out, sorry” is a very dead end experience.
A study by the University of Auckland Business School found that while maintaining strong friendships with co-workers generally improves work productivity and morale it also creates a dilemma when trying to reconcile personal relationships with professional decision-making. In business it’s required that you have to make the logical and necessary decisions in order to benefit your company, even at the cost of personal friendships.
We have bittersweet news to share. The changes in policies announced by several major airlines at the end of last year—the banning of smart luggage with non-removable batteries—put our company in an irreversibly difficult financial and business situation. After exploring all the possible options for pivoting and moving forward, the company was finally forced to wind down its operations and explore disposition options, unable to continue operating as an independent entity.
MVP stands for Minimum Viable Product. As the name suggests this is the phase where a startup essentially creates the zeroth model of its core idea. It is the first saleable version of your product designed with minimum yet sufficient features to satisfy early adopters and to validate the assumptions of usability and demand basis on which the final product (or the beta) is developed.
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