Organizational life cycle is an important model because of its premise and its prescription. The model's premise is that requirements, opportunities, and threats both inside and outside the business firm will vary depending on the stage of development in which the firm finds itself. For example, threats in the start-up stage differ from those in the maturity stage. As the firm moves through the developmental stages, changes in the nature and number of requirements, opportunities, and threats exert pressure for change on the business.

If a long-term lessee who makes permanent improvements to land later assigns all lease rights to you for money and you pay the rent required by the lease, the amount you pay for the assignment is a capital investment. If the rental value of the leased land increased since the lease began, part of your capital investment is for that increase in the rental value. The rest is for your investment in the permanent improvements.
An idea for a startup, however, is only a beginning. A lot of would-be startup founders think the key to the whole process is the initial idea, and from that point all you have to do is execute. Venture capitalists know better. If you go to VC firms with a brilliant idea that you'll tell them about if they sign a nondisclosure agreement, most will tell you to get lost. That shows how much a mere idea is worth. The market price is less than the inconvenience of signing an NDA.

Tutorspree was launched in 2011 out of startup incubator Y Combinator and were touted as the ‘Airbnb of tutoring’. The premise was simple, to help parents find tutors for their kids online. By 2013 they had over 7000 tutors signed up on their platform and has raised an estimated $1.8 million. Then the rug was swept out from under then and they closed down a few months later, after 3 years in operation.
Keep in mind, many questions can be resolved on IRS.gov without visiting an IRS Tax Assistance Center (TAC). Go to IRS.gov/LetUsHelp for the topics people ask about most. If you still need help, IRS TACs provide tax help when a tax issue can’t be handled online or by phone. All TACs now provide service by appointment so you’ll know in advance that you can get the service you need without long wait times. Before you visit, go to IRS.gov/TACLocator to find the nearest TAC, and check hours, available services, and appointment options. Or, on the IRS2Go app, under the Stay Connected tab, choose the Contact Us option and click on “Local Offices.”
The reasons are that 1) our revenues do not cover our costs, and 2) we are not able to close a third fundraiser…. In March 2016, after having been rejected by 114 VC funds, we signed a term sheet with a French, state-owned, logistics group, for a 30M euro investment. Unfortunately, after 3 months of intensive due diligence, their board rejected the deal and they ended up withdrawing their offer. We were negotiating with them under an exclusivity agreement, didn’t have a plan B, and only had a couple of weeks of run-way left..
The thing that hits me reading all of these is, once again, just how much time tech startups in the States waste dealing with venture capital and its ramifications (equity battles, constant whoring to pay off the last round’s investors, legal mumbo jumbo, having to deal with meddlesome investors, etc). Half of all the post-mortems I read are barely about the actual business of whatever their business is, but, instead, sound like some nerd soap opera.

11 months in, the four founders of Pretty Young Professional had split into two camps due to differences in opinion and a coup was staged. The legality of the original document was called into question, Minshew was hit with a lawsuit and called to step down as CEO, and the editorial team of Pretty Young Professional had their site and email access cut. The company quickly collapsed despite calls from excited investors and a thriving user base.


To start with take a big, deep breath. Everything is going to be fine and you’ll live to ride the startup roller coaster once again. Everyone gets a second chance, especially in startupland. Some people get many chances. It may not feel like it today – it may feel instead like you had your one shot and blew it – but that’s just not the case. Success is the ultimate redemption and if you continue to work hard you’ll have your chance again.
A few months into my newest startup, Custom Reality Services (CRS), I lost my mother and then my sister. The grief impacted my ability to read. I negotiated a leave of absence for six months. I resigned from all of my boards. My recovery needed to be put first. Thankfully, I had partners who were willing to make room for me. If that isn't your situation, you still matter. Get into conversation with your key stakeholders (e.g., co-founders, board and/or partners) to figure out how to make a leave of absence work or how to exit gracefully. There are things in life you cannot muscle through.
I’ve crashed startups several times, from tiny bootstrapped projects all the way to big venture-backed journeys. In Silicon Valley this happens many times every day and it’s generally accepted. Today a startup dies but tomorrow its people get quickly snapped up or start something new altogether. The amazingly efficient ways talent and money can recirculate makes Silicon Valley unique – this simply doesn’t exist elsewhere. In the Valley it’s OK to fail; you might even go so far as to say that failure is embraced there. One could literally “fail up” their entire career, getting smarter and stronger with each failure. I certainly have to some extent.

Uniform capitalization rules apply to certain taxpayers who produce real property or tangible personal property for use in a trade or business or for sale to customers. They also apply to certain taxpayers who acquire property for resale. Under these rules, you either include certain costs in inventory or capitalize certain expenses related to the property, such as taxes. For more information, see chapter 1.
Any sales tax you pay on a service for your business, or on the purchase or use of property in your business is treated as part of the cost of the service or property. If the service or the cost or use of the property is a deductible business expense, you can deduct the tax as part of that service or cost. If the property is merchandise bought for resale, the sales tax is part of the cost of the merchandise. If the property is depreciable, add the sales tax to the basis for depreciation. For more information on basis, see Pub. 551.
The cost-to-duplicate a software business, for instance, might be figured as the total cost of programming time that is gone into designing its software. For a high-technology start-up, it could be the costs to date of research and development, patent protection, prototype development. The cost-to-duplicate approach is often seen as a starting point for valuing startups, since it is fairly objective. After all, it is based on verifiable, historic expense records.
Treat capitalized interest as a cost of the property produced. You recover your interest when you sell or use the property. If the property is inventory, recover capitalized interest through cost of goods sold. If the property is used in your trade or business, recover capitalized interest through an adjustment to basis, depreciation, amortization, or other method.
We don't tend to think of startup life as an extreme sport - but we should. Today, I eat like I am an ultramarathoner. When it comes to diet, it's easy to get lost in the hype and fabs. I found working with an accredited nutritionist to be the key. All our bodies have different requirements. If you are experiencing brain fog and/or fatigue, I recommend working with a physician on an elimination diet to see if food sensitivities or allergies are at play. And yes, they were for me!
There are three types of start-up expenses that you can amortize: (1) expenses incurred in investigating the creation or acquisition of a business; (2) expenses incurred in connection with creating a business; and (3) expenses incurred in connection with an activity engaged in for profit and for the production of income before business begins, in anticipation of the activity becoming an active business. These expenses can be deducted only once business operations have commenced. Note, however, that interest expenses, taxes, and research and experimental expenditures are excluded from start-up expenses, because they are currently deductible under special rules and, thus, are not required to be amortized.
New uses of a product can also revitalize an old brand. A prime example is Arm & Hammer baking soda. In 1969, sales were dropping due to the introduction of packaged foods with baking soda as an added ingredient and an overall decline in home baking. New uses for the product as a deodorizer for refrigerators and later as a laundry additive, toothpaste additive, and carpet freshener extended the life cycle of the baking soda industry. Promoting new uses for old brands can increase sales by increasing usage frequency. In some cases, this strategy is cheaper than trying to convert new users in a mature market.
The startup phase involves the development and early marketing of a new product or service. Innovators often create new businesses to enable the production and proliferation of the new offering. Information on the products and industry participants is often limited, so demand tends to be unclear. Consumers of the goods and services need to learn more about them, while the new providers are still developing and honing the offering. The industry tends to be highly fragmented in this stage. Participants tend to be unprofitable because expenses are incurred to develop and market the offering, but revenues are still low.
You generally cannot deduct expenses in advance, even if you pay them in advance. This applies to prepaid interest, prepaid insurance premiums, and any other prepaid expense that creates an intangible asset. If you pay an amount that creates an intangible asset, then you must capitalize the amounts paid and begin to amortize the payment over the appropriate period.
The yield to maturity is generally shown in the literature you receive from your lender. If you do not have this information, consult your lender or tax advisor. In general, the yield to maturity is the discount rate that, when used in figuring the present value of all principal and interest payments, produces an amount equal to the principal amount of the loan.
At the last phase your business model is already working or at least reliable. You have successfully internationalised your company with funding. But the question is, what comes now? Either you sell your startup to a giant like Google, Facebook and Co. or you go public. You have to constantly renew your products and be always up-to-date in order to consist on the dynamic market.
The Startup Autobahn program is unique not only in the fact that its partners are some of the largest automotive companies and innovators, but also that we are given a direct entry point into these partners through the work of key contacts in each partner organization, working on specifically real-life pilot projects. This contact helps us engage with the correct contact in each partner and serves as an invaluable mentor during the entire process. With each new contact we are consistently grateful for the guidance and support we have been given, it is unparalleled across other programs. In addition, due to the three month time period, it allows for time to truly make a real and bilateral commitment from both us and the partner organizations. This type of commitment does not happen in most other accelerator programs.
If you fail to file voluntarily, we may file a substitute return for you, based on income reported to the IRS. This return might not give you credit for deductions and exemptions you may be entitled to receive. We will send you a Notice of Deficiency CP3219N (90-day letter) proposing a tax assessment. You will have 90 days to file your past due tax return or file a petition in Tax Court. If you do neither, we will proceed with our proposed assessment. If you have received a Notice of Deficiency CP3219N, you can not request an extension to file. Call us if you think you don't have to file.
For oil and gas wells, your election is binding for the year it is made and for all later years. For geothermal wells, your election can be revoked by the filing of an amended return on which you do not take the deduction. You can file the amended return for the year up to the normal time of expiration for filing a claim for credit or refund, generally, within 3 years after the date you filed the original return or within 2 years after the date you paid the tax, whichever is later.
Amortized start-up expenses would include the cost of items such as the following: an analysis of the need for a landscaping company in a particular area, securing prospective seed and plant suppliers, locating land for the nursery (but not any fees incurred in acquiring the land), advertisements announcing the opening of the business, business licenses, certain professional services (for example, an accountant’s fees for setting up a bookkeeping system). However, you would not be able to amortize expenses incurred in acquiring equipment such as tools and lawn mowers because expenses incurred for a particular asset generally are recovered through depreciation deductions.
Many private equity firms will utilize an approach whereby they provide additional funding when the firm reaches a given milestone. For example, the initial round of financing may be targeted toward providing wages for employees to develop a product. Once the product is proved to be successful, a subsequent round of funding is provided to mass produce and market the invention. (Look at the big picture when choosing a company - what you see may really be a stage in its industry's growth. See Great Company Or Growing Industry?)
I attempted to subdue those fears by working a lot. A lot. There were nights when I would ride my bike home at 9 p.m. or 10 p.m., only to open my laptop again and continue working after I got home. I spent time over weekends logged in making sure our help desk was empty or in the office trying to finish the project I hoped would make me feel secure there. I would kill my alarm and open my email with one swift motion each morning. I still couldn’t really explain what I was doing. Or what my role was.

Instead of deducting development costs in the year paid or incurred, you can elect to treat the costs as deferred expenses and deduct them ratably as the units of produced ores or minerals benefited by the expenses are sold. This election applies each tax year to expenses paid or incurred in that year. Once made, the election is binding for the year and cannot be revoked for any reason.


To start with take a big, deep breath. Everything is going to be fine and you’ll live to ride the startup roller coaster once again. Everyone gets a second chance, especially in startupland. Some people get many chances. It may not feel like it today – it may feel instead like you had your one shot and blew it – but that’s just not the case. Success is the ultimate redemption and if you continue to work hard you’ll have your chance again.
1. Analyze the failure. After CB Insights combed through the post-mortem blog posts of more than 200 failed startups, they ultimately reduced the most common causes of startup failure to a relatively short list. Chances are, the root causes of your business’s failure are identifiable and common. Spend some time looking over your business’s history, even if it’s short, and see if you can recognize the main causes of failure, as well as the decisions that led to those causes. The better you understand this, the more likely you’ll be to prevent those outcomes in the future.
Of course things are very different here in Norway. Capital doesn’t yet flow as effectively into startups and there’s more social pressure to avoid failure here. Thanks to Janteloven, there’s a lot of pressure on those bold enough to strike out from the pack and create a company. Failure gives Norwegian society an easy opportunity to push you back down to their level, creating a weight that no doubt hangs heavy on the Norwegian founder of today. These founders make up the first generation since the oil boom and before that the early 1900s to think in a truly entrepreneurial way. They take more risks than their parents did. In this unique cultural situation of Norway, admitting your idea has failed can be significantly tougher than elsewhere. You especially don’t want to admit failure to friends and family who have supported you.
Steering the ship — handling all of the engineering, manufacturing, marketing, and retailing, even when you’re taking 90 percent of the subsequent profits — was ultimately too expensive of a proposition, especially in comparison to other, less-handholding-oriented start-ups. “The reason why Kickstarter makes a ton of money is they don’t have to do anything besides put up a website,” [founder Ben] Kaufman notes.
Photographs of missing children. The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children® (NCMEC). Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank. You can help bring these children home by looking at the photographs and calling 800-THE-LOST (800-843-5678) (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) if you recognize a child.
We started Viaweb with $10,000 of seed money from our friend Julian. But he gave us a lot more than money. He's a former CEO and also a corporate lawyer, so he gave us a lot of valuable advice about business, and also did all the legal work of getting us set up as a company. Plus he introduced us to one of the two angel investors who supplied our next round of funding.

This information may help you analyze your financial needs. It is based on information and assumptions provided by you regarding your goals, expectations and financial situation. The calculations do not infer that the company assumes any fiduciary duties. The calculations provided should not be construed as financial, legal or tax advice. In addition, such information should not be relied upon as the only source of information. This information is supplied from sources we believe to be reliable but we cannot guarantee its accuracy. Hypothetical illustrations may provide historical or current performance information. Past performance does not guarantee nor indicate future results.
Every business falls somewhere on this spectrum and many owners never take the time to identify where they are and take action. According to the Exit Planning Institute, 80% of businesses with less than $50 million in annual revenue never sell. Their owners don’t acknowledge where they are in the business life spectrum or make a decision to change. By the time they decide to sell, their business isn’t worth much to potential buyers. You don’t want to get stuck in this situation.
Celina, a calendar year taxpayer, borrows $100,000 on January 4 and immediately uses the proceeds to open a checking account. No other amounts are deposited in the account during the year and no part of the loan principal is repaid during the year. On April 2, Celina uses $20,000 from the checking account for a passive activity expenditure. On September 4, Celina uses an additional $40,000 from the account for personal purposes.
The Road to #GES2019 has officially begun! Follow their page or go to ges2019.org for more information and updates!We are proud to announce that the Road to #GES2019 has officially begun! Thanks to the U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands Peter Hoekstra and Dutch Ambassador to the United States Henne Schuwer, U.S. Department of State and Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken, for their support. Follow us here or at ges2019.org for more information and hope to see you in The Hague, June 4-5! go.usa.gov/xPGMR ... See MoreSee Less
Take-away: After a setback, recalibrate. Entrepreneurs find it difficult to get away from their businesses, but breaks are vital. "You're coming up with ideas in your sleep and waking up with them," Kramer says, "but sometimes you have to stand back and not think about it. Allow your mind to rest in a different environment until you're ready again."
This information may help you analyze your financial needs. It is based on information and assumptions provided by you regarding your goals, expectations and financial situation. The calculations do not infer that the company assumes any fiduciary duties. The calculations provided should not be construed as financial, legal or tax advice. In addition, such information should not be relied upon as the only source of information. This information is supplied from sources we believe to be reliable but we cannot guarantee its accuracy. Hypothetical illustrations may provide historical or current performance information. Past performance does not guarantee nor indicate future results.
For example, if your business involves providing a service to customers or clients. This includes 
accounting, consulting, financial planning, or law services. Your business begins when you first offer your services to the public. No one has to hire you; you just have to be available for hire. For example, a consultant’s business begins when he or she is available for hire by clients.
You make the election to deduct research and experimental costs by deducting them on your tax return for the year in which you first pay or incur research and experimental costs. If you do not make the election to deduct research and experimental costs in the first year in which you pay or incur the costs, you can deduct the costs in a later year only with approval from the IRS.
The self-employed workforce, which today accounts for 55 million Americans, or roughly 36 percent of the American workforce, is rapidly growing. One segment of self-employed are on-demand workers which provides an alternative to the nine-to-five job and companies such as Uber, Airbnb, and GrubHub are effectively reshaping the economy. Other segments include freelancers, independent contractors and other businesses of one. It’s forecasted that by 2020 there will be more than 60 million Americans who are in some aspect self-employed.
Good investors know that not all their investments are going to work out. Experienced investors have seen it all before, so hopefully you won’t be dealing with a lot of blowback. It will probably be much less than you are expecting. However all investors, whether experienced or not, hate being surprised. So keep lines of communication open with them during both the life and death of your business. This is why you should always send short monthly updates after any investor joins up. That way they can see the trajectory of the business (good or bad), and they will not be surprised by sudden news that the business is closing. If the shutdown is well managed and clearly communicated, you might even be able to raise money from them again.
Contrary to existing procedures, he ordered the instrumentation system, which included telemetry, visibility, and the transmitters for communications, to be turned on last, just before reentry, rather than first. The call was a calculated risk. Without the instrumentation system, the crew and controllers would not know for certain if the cold startup had been successful until the last possible moment before reentry. However without the change, the capsule would have exhausted its battery supply before splashdown. The procedure was a success, and the crew was recovered safely.

A lot of young entrepreneurs underestimate the process of startups. Since startups tend to scale early, a lot of beginners screw it up. As mentioned previously, scaling is the fourth stage of startups. After your minimum viable product is matured and the core features of your products are developed, it is time for customer acquisition. The most important stage before scaling is efficiency. Because the right business model will initiate further steps.

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